If you think you or a loved one is experiencing any of the following arthritis symptoms, you should talk to a medical professional and seek a diagnosis.
Osteoarthritis causes joints to become difficult to move, which then leads to stiffness and pain. You may also experience tenderness, swelling or crackling noises of the joints.
Movement is lost due to the breakdown of the cartilage, a firm and flexible connective tissue, that protects the joint from stress when you use them.
Once the cartilage surrounding the joint is damaged, this puts increased strain on other parts of your joints. The ligaments and tendons then work harder to assist movement which results in swelling and pain.
Symptoms can be varied depending on the affected joint. Some symptoms may go after a while, while others may be more long-term.
Osteoarthritis commonly affects adults that are in their mid-40s or over. It’s also more commonly found in women and those who have a family member who experiences the condition.
You may also experience the condition if you have a related joint condition such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis, or, if you injure a joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects nearly half a million people in the UK, causing joint pain and stiffness in parts of the body, commonly the hands, wrists and feet.Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system wrongly attacks the cells that line your joints. This then makes joints swell, stiff and painful and long-term, can lead to damage to the cartilage, joint and bones.
As a long-term condition, it’s important to see your doctor if you’re experiencing ongoing joint pain and stiffness. Early treatment can reduce the risk of further damage and prevent the worsening of the condition.
It's not clear what triggers the immune system to wrongly attack cells, although you're at an increased risk if you’re aged between 40 and 50, you’re female, smoke, and have a family member who experiences the condition.
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a build-up of uric acid in the blood. The build-up then forms uric crystals in a joint creating swelling, redness and pain.
Those that experience gout, may experience gout again within a few months or years.
If diagnosed early, the effects of psoriatic arthritis can be slowed to minimise joint damage.Advice is for information only and should not replace medical care. Please check with your GP before trying any remedies.
Last updated: 10th February 2020