Worried about fine lines and wrinkles? Get the lowdown on how to slow down their progress.
Wrinkles may be an inevitable part of ageing, but there are certain things you can do to help your skin fight back.
From facial massage to the right way to remove make-up, turn these six tips into healthy habits to help prevent the appearance of wrinkles.
1. Slather on sunscreenRegularly wearing sun protection can delay the time you start developing fine lines and wrinkles.1
In one study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine in 2013, more than 900 under-55s were asked to either wear sunscreen every day or whenever they wanted. Impressions were taken of the backs of their hands at the beginning of the study, and again four and a half years later.Researchers found that the women who applied sunscreen daily showed no increase in skin ageing during the study, and they had 25% fewer signs of ageing than the women who applied sunscreen whenever they wanted.2
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2. Stay out of the sun where possible
It’s a good idea to limit your sun exposure in the first place. Over time, UV light triggers changes in the skin, including the development of wrinkles, differences in pigmentation (colour) and skin elasticity, and alterations in skin texture.A 2013 study from the journal Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology reported that UV light was responsible for 80% of the signs of ageing on the face.3
3. Use a daily moisturiserMoisturising every day can help your skin stay more hydrated, and improve its elasticity and smoothness.4,5 Certain moisturisers containing anti-ageing nutrients, like vitamins C and E, can also support your skin to produce more collagen – the protein that helps keep your face firm. A review published in the journal Dermato Endocrinology in 2012 found that using a moisturiser containing vitamins C and E can help kick-start collagen production.6 The same study also reported that having vitamin A in your moisturiser stimulates the skin to produce collagen and elastic fibres.7
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4. Boost your vitamin E intake
Experts believe vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant, may help fight the damage from sunlight, pollution and other free radicals that are linked to ageing.Include some vitamin E-rich foods, such as nuts and seeds, wheatgerm and olive oil, in your diet every day.8,9
5. Massage your face
Facial massage relaxes the muscles, and promotes blood and lymph flow – all of which helps improve the appearance of your skin.In 2016, Japanese researchers studied the effects of face massages on 12 women aged between 30 and 54. They discovered that the massage reduced the appearance of laughter lines, plus signs of ageing around the eyelids and cheeks.10
6. Remove your make-up the right way
Avoid vigorously rubbing your eyes when removing eyeshadow or mascara.The skin around your eyes contains fewer oil glands and collagen compared to the rest of the skin on your body, which means it’s more likely to develop fine lines.11 So, gently does it.
Advice is for information only and should not replace medical care. Please check with your GP before trying any remedies.Shop our Vitamins and Supplements range
1. American College of Physicians (ACP) Annals of Internal Medicine. Sunscreen and Prevention of Skin Aging. Available from: http://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/1691732/sunscreen-prevention-skin-aging
2. Hughes, MC, et al. Sunscreen and prevention of ageing: a randomised trial. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23732711
3. Flament F, et al. Effect of the sun on visible clinical signs of aging in Caucasian skin. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3790843/
4. Tabata N, et al. Biophysical assessment of persistent effects of moisturizers after their daily applications: evaluation of corneotherapy. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10894961
5. Ganceviciene R, et al. Skin anti-aging strategies. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3583892/
6. As Source 5
7. As Source 5
8. Rizvi S, et al. The Role of Vitamin E in Human Health and Some Diseases. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3997530/
9. NHS Choices. Vitamin E. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vitamins-and-minerals/vitamin-e/
10. Nishimura H, et al. Analysis of morphological changes after facial massage. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/srt.12345
11. Ahmadraji F and Shatalebi MA. Evaluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of an eye counter pad containing caffeine and vitamin K in emulsified Emu oil base. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4300604/