But where in the world can you soak up the most vitamin D? Well, we’ve created The Sunshine Index which reveals the best cities where you can spend the most time in the sunshine, based on the amount of sunlight hours, working hours and sleeping hours, as well as the amount of free outdoor spaces where you can enjoy the sun...
Explained in animation form...
Top ten cities to live and work in for vitamin d
|City||Overall score||Sunlight hours||Sunlight score||No. of free outdoor activities||Spaces scores||Working hours||Working hours score||Sleep hours||Sleep score|
With a glorious 2473 hours of sunshine every year, Rome takes the top spot on our Sunlight Cities Index, making it the best city to live and work in to get your daily dose of vitamin D. The city boasts 556 free outdoor attractions, and although some cities around the world have more sun, Roman’s spend an average of just 14 hours of their day sleeping and working, meaning there’s plenty of time to enjoy the outdoors.
Alice Springs in Australia comes in second with 3499 of annual sunlight hours, combined with a shorter working week of 31.82 hours and just under 9 hours sleep meaning that working and living there would increase your natural vitamin D intake and give you a great work-life balance. If relocating to Madrid in Spain is an option then you could enjoy some of the amazing 301 free outdoor attractions in their 2769 hours of annual sunshine. Perfect for a dose of the sunshine vitamin.
Top ten cities for free outdoor attractions
|City||No. of free outdoor attractions||Spaces score|
We’re spending more and more time indoors meaning vitamin D deficiency is more prominent than ever. When it comes to cities across the world with free outdoor spaces for you to venture into, Moscow hits the top spot with 564 attractions, followed by sunlight city favourite Rome with 556. Meaning you have more chances to get outside, see the sun and get some fresh air.
Top ten cities for working hours
|City||Working hours||Working hours score|
When it comes to the working week Amsterdam takes the top spot with an average of 30.41 hours, leaving you more time to get outdoors and top that immune system up. Europe continues to lead the way with the working week, with Marseille in France coming in second place with 31.48 working hours a week.
Top Ten Cities For Sleep
|City||Sleep hours||Sleep score|
When it comes to a bit of shut-eye, Upington in South Africa is the city for sleep. Getting an average of 9.24 hours a night means that you’ll see less of the sun but you will be well and truly rested. If you need more sleep than the average person then don’t forget to top up your vitamin D with our supplements.
We collected data across a range of metrics for 210 cities around the world. Each of these metrics were then awarded a weighted score and these were combined to give each city a total score out of 100. The metrics analysed were:
Where data was not available for every metric the city was omitted.
Sunlight hours were sourced from Sleepopolis, number of free outdoor attractions were sourced from Tripadvisor, working hours were sourced from the International Labour Organization, sleep hours were sourced from Statista Where data was not available from Statista, World Economic Forum was used as a secondary source.