Have you been thinking about venturing down the retinol route and found yourself wondering, ‘is retinol safe’ before you try it out?
If you’re anything like us, then you like to do a bit of research before trying out a new product, especially if it’s something that’s totally brand new to you.
You may have heard a lot about retinol, but have never got round to trying it out for yourself. Perhaps you’ve read lots of articles about retinol creams, serums, oils and gels or have heard good things about it from your friends or family?
Either way, retinol’s widely talked about within the skincare scene, and has been for many years now. It’s believed to have exfoliating and anti-breakout properties, while some people have been known to refer to it as a proven anti-ageing ingredient.
So, what is retinol?Retinol is essentially vitamin A. It’s also a type of retinoid that works by stimulating the skin’s ability to produce new skin cells. If you’ve been wondering, ‘what does retinol do?’ Here’s the claims that you'll see on the packaging of retinol:1
- Smoothing existing fine lines and wrinkles and minimising new lines and wrinkles – note: it can take up to 12 months before seeing an improvement in wrinkles2
- Exfoliating skin cells to produce brighter, smoother and newer skin
- Helping prevent pores from clogging
- Evening out complexions by fading marks, such as sun spots, acne scars and hyperpigmentation
Which retinol product should you go for?
All skincare products contain different ingredients and all of them work in different ways. They also all have the ability to impact our skin differently.
Just because the last person to review the product you’ve got your eye on had an amazing experience, doesn’t necessarily mean the same’s going to happen to you, as everybody’s skin is different. Some people have dry skin, some people have oily skin, some people have ageing skin and some people have a bit of a mixture of everything.
It’s precisely why it pays to do your research before experimenting with any new type of product, retinol included, especially as it’s available in both over-the-counter and prescription formulations.
Over-the-counter retinolThese are products you can easily buy yourself online or in-store. One look at the small print, and you’ll see they contain different ingredients3 (some that are stronger than others):
- Retinyl palmitate (the weakest of the retinoids)
- Retinol (the next strongest and most tolerable)
- Retinaldehyde (even stronger)
- Adapalene 0.1% (the strongest over-the-counter option that's also specifically formulated to treat acne and is prescribed by GPs)
As the name suggests, these are retinol products that are prescribed to you by your GP. These tend to be stronger retinoids, Tretinoin (Retin-A, generic), Tazarotene (Adage, Tazorac), and Adapalene 0.3% (Differin). They reportedly work faster and more effectively, but can also be irritating, which brings us nicely to our next point….
Is retinol safe?
Yes – retinol used in cosmetics and medical products are of course safe to use as all cosmetic and medical products are legally required to be safe for consumer use. Retinol would not be used in topical products if there weren’t substantial evidence of safety.
While retinol is marketed as being suitable for everyone, different strengths are appropriate for different skin types.
Retinol and dry skin/skin sensitivities
Retinol can be harsh if your skin is sensitive, potentially exacerbating existing skin conditions, and may cause flakiness and peeling, so approach with caution and seek professional advice if you’re unsure. It can also be quite drying, so it’s advisable to moisturise your skin.Ideally, you want to start off by using the gentlest of products, and then gradually move up to higher strength formulas after a year.4 It may be highly effective, but this means retinol can also have a big impact on your skin too.
Retinol and sunshine
You may have heard some stories relating to retinol, sun damage and skin thinning.
We hope you’ve found this article useful in helping you answer the question, ‘Is retinol safe?’ The crucial thing is, which we mentioned right at the start of this post, is that if you are planning on using retinol, you should take the time to research it as much as you can and introduce it to your skin slowly, but surely.For more insight on retinol, check out this article, ‘Is retinol good for skin?’
Last updated: 29 May 2020