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vegetarian bowl salad

What are the main benefits of being vegetarian?

23 Nov 2022 • 4 min read


What does it mean to be vegetarian?

A vegetarian diet does not contain fish, meat or chicken.1

That also extends to related products, such as seafood, gelatine or animal rennet, and stock or fat made from animals.

Typical components of a vegetarian diet might include fruit and vegetables, grains, pulses, seeds, nuts, eggs and dairy products.

The different types of vegetarianism

The ‘classic’ vegetarian (Lacto-Ovo vegetarian)

  • Eats no meat or fish
  • Eats dairy products, e.g., cheese and milk
  • Eats eggs

Lacto vegetarian

  • Eats no meat or fish
  • Eats dairy products, e.g., cheese and milk

Ovo vegetarian

  • Eats no meat or fish
  • Eats eggs


  • Eats no meat but eats fish
  • Eats dairy products, e.g., cheese and milk
  • Eats eggs


  • Eats meat or fish sometimes
  • Eats dairy products, e.g., cheese and milk
  • Eats eggs
The advice in this article is for information only and should not replace medical care. Please check with your GP or healthcare professional before trying any supplements, treatments or remedies. Food supplements must not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

Last updated: 17 May 2022



Author: Bhupesh PanchalSenior Regulatory Affairs Associate

Joined Holland & Barrett: Apr 2019

Masters Degree in Toxicology and BSc Hons in Medical Biochemistry

Bhupesh started his career as a Clinical Toxicologist for Public Health England, advising healthcare professionals all around the country on how to manage clinical cases of adverse exposure to supplements, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, industrial chemicals and agricultural products.

After 7 years in this role and a further year working as a drug safety officer in the pharmaceutical industry, Bhupesh joined Holland & Barrett as a Senior Regulatory Affairs Associate in 2019.

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